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Published: June, 2015; Vol 12, Num 1

 

Allergy Season Now Earlier and Longer

If pollen from trees, weeds and grasses makes you sneeze and wheeze, you’re probably doing both sooner in the year and continuing for much later. Research from the U.S. Department of Agriculture finds that due to climate change, it’s warmer than it has ever been and the warmer weather is lingering. Subsequently, ragweed season is nearly a month longer than it was 20 years ago.

LIUNA General
Secretary-Treasurer
and LHSFNA Labor
Co-Chairman
Armand E. Sabitoni

Ragweed, of which there are numerous varieties, is the most common pollen allergy in North America. Often referred to as hay fever, ragweed affects nearly half of all allergy sufferers, including many Laborers.

“Ragweed can grow just about anywhere but thrives in areas where the ground has been disrupted. Outdoor work sites and highway work zones can be prime spots for ragweed to sprout and members who are sensitive to it should be prepared when they come to work,” says LIUNA General Secretary Treasurer and LHSFNA Labor Co-Chairman Armand E. Sabitoni. “Ragweed allergy is also another reason for being thorough when washing your hands. When you practice good hand hygiene, you are less likely to get pollen in your eyes or nose from rubbing your hand across your face.”

Growing Up Allergy Free Doesn’t Mean You Will Be as an Adult

Allergies develop when your immune system is exposed to a substance such as pollen and mistakenly reacts to it as being harmful. In response, your body releases a substance called histamine, which makes blood vessels swell so white blood cells can quickly find the “problem” and attack it. It also causes itchy eyes, runny nose and congested sinuses.

The fact that you made it out of childhood before this happened to you may be because:

  • You're exposed to the allergen more now because you moved to a different part of the country or changed jobs.
  • Your immune system became more sensitive to the allergen, so symptoms that were once mild are now strong.
  • You had a mild allergy to one substance that has evolved to encompass others.

Allergy flare-ups related to ragweed occur in late summer and peak in the fall. However, people who are sensitized to ragweed often develop allergies to other pollens as well. Long before ragweed season arrives, they begin suffering from “seasonal allergic rhinitis” caused by weeds, grasses, trees and bushes that release pollen earlier in the year. In addition to sneezing and wheezing, seasonal allergic rhinitis can include nasal congestion, scratchy throat and itchy, tearing eyes.

Ragweed and other respiratory allergies are a serious and costly problem. People who suffer from these conditions spend nearly $8 billion every year on medications and visits to health care providers. In the United States, seasonal allergic rhinitis results in 3.5 million lost workdays and two million lost school days. It can also progress to asthma and make sufferers more susceptible to colds and other respiratory illnesses.

If you have ragweed or other pollen allergies, knowing your triggers and limiting your exposures is the best way to prevent or reduce your symptoms:

  • Wear a mask when working outside and when spending time outdoors.
  • Take your shoes off at the door.
  • Shower after being outside and wash your work clothes separately.
  • Close doors and windows at night or any other time when pollen counts are high and dust often.
  • Check your local TV or radio station, your local newspaper or the Internet for pollen forecasts and current pollen levels.
  • If high pollen counts are forecast, start taking allergy medications before your symptoms start.

Keep indoor air clean:

  • Use the air conditioning in your house and car.
  • If you have forced air heating or air conditioning in your house, use high-efficiency filters and follow regular maintenance schedules.
  • Keep indoor air dry with a dehumidifier.
  • Use a portable high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) purifier in your bedroom.
  • Clean floors often with a vacuum cleaner that has a HEPA filter.

It is also important to understand the different types of over-the-counter and prescription allergy medications:

  • Oral antihistamines help relieve sneezing, itching, runny nose and watery eyes. They can also help relieve hives and other symptoms of food allergies.
  • Decongestants provide temporary relief from nasal stuffiness. Only use nasal decongestants for short-term relief. Check with your health care provider before using these medications.
  • Nasal spray can ease allergy symptoms but should also only be used for short-term relief. (Extended use can cause a rebound effect that can make your allergy symptoms even worse.)
  • Allergy shots can help reduce sensitivity to the triggers that set off your allergies. This therapy involves injecting small and increasing amounts of your particular allergens at regular intervals until you build up a tolerance and no longer react when exposed.

Be aware that all of these medications and treatments may have side effects. Consider how they may affect your ability to work safely and take them accordingly.

Allergies can make you miserable, but there are options to help you manage them. While allergies can’t be prevented, when you know your triggers and which treatments are most effective for you, you can go back to enjoying all of the seasons.

[Janet Lubman Rathner]