There are a number of hazards associated with working outdoors, and with the majority of construction work occurring outdoors, LIUNA members are especially at risk.
A primary hazard of strenuous construction activities is heat illness, with symptoms ranging in severity from minor heat rashes to heat exhaustion and potentially deadly heat stroke. Fortunately, employers can protect workers from heat illness through a combination of three well-known practices: water, rest and shade. LIUNA members are also at risk for cold stress, especially in extreme cold or when conditions are wet and windy. As heat leaves the body, workers may experience serious health problems, including trench foot, frostbite and hypothermia.
Other potential outdoors hazards include diseases carried by mosquitoes and ticks, rashes caused by plants such as poison ivy, and environmental threats such as wildfire smoke, lightning and tornadoes.