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Coronavirus Fact Sheet

As of 2/28/2020


  • A new coronavirus that causes a pneumonia-like respiratory illness
  • It has not been previously identified in humans
  • Spread from animal-to-person and person-to-person contact
  • First identified in Wuhan, China in 2019

Current status - globally:

  • First discovered in Wuhan, China, a major manufacturing center
  • Over 80,000 confirmed cases and almost 3,000 deaths
  • According to the CDC, the following countries have confirmed cases: Algeria, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Cambodia, Canada, China, Croatia, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macau, Malaysia, Mexico, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, North Macedonia, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Singapore, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand, The Republic of Korea, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Vietnam

Current status - United States:

  • U.S. declares coronavirus a public health emergency.
  • U.S. citizens were evacuated by the U.S. government from China and are being held in quarantine for a minimum of three days.
  • 60 confirmed cases: Arizona, California, Illinois, Massachusetts, Washington, Wisconsin
  • 11 airports have protocols and procedures to screen passengers: 
    • Chicago O’Hare International Airport (ORD), Illinois
    • Dallas/Fort Worth, International Airport (DFW), Texas
    • Daniel K. Inouye International Airport (HNL), Hawaii
    • Detroit Metropolitan Airport (DTW), Michigan
    • Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (ATL), Georgia
    • John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), New York
    • Los Angeles International Airport, (LAX), California
    • Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR), New Jersey
    • San Francisco International Airport (SFO), California
    • Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (SEA), Washington
    • Washington-Dulles International Airport (IAD), Virginia
  • Airport screening protocol:
    • Travelers are asked to fill out a brief questionnaire about their travel, symptoms and contact information.
    • CDC staff take the travelers’ temperature using a handheld thermometer that does not come in contact with the skin and watch for coughing or signs of difficulty breathing.

Incubation period: 2-14 days. The incubation period is the time it takes for symptoms to appear after exposure; patients might be contagious during the incubation period

Symptoms: Usually causes mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, similar to the common cold. Symptoms may include:

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Special populations of concern:

Human coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. This is more common in people with cardiopulmonary disease and people with weakened immune systems, such as infants and older adults.

Diagnosis: Your healthcare provider may order laboratory tests on respiratory specimens and serum (part of your blood) to detect human coronaviruses. Laboratory testing is more likely to be used if you have a severe disease.

Transmission: Most commonly spread from an infected person to others through:

  • Respiratory droplets in the air from coughing and sneezing
  • Close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
  • Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose or eyes before washing your hands

Prevention: Protect yourself and others by following these standard/universal precautions to prevent coronavirus and other respiratory viruses:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick. If you are sick, stay home.
  • Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands.
  • Thoroughly clean and disinfect objects and surfaces you come in contact with.

How LIUNA signatory employers can help reduce risk for coronavirus:

  • Communicate with workers that you are monitoring the situation and will disseminate information as it becomes available. The goal of providing awareness and education will be to calm their fears and alleviate their concerns.
  • Promote measures of prevention (listed above) including handwashing, covering your mouth when coughing and your nose when sneezing and cleaning and disinfecting objects and surfaces.
  • In terms of providing personal protective equipment (PPE), the recommendation depends on the level of worker risk. If a worker has direct contact with people who are suspected of having coronavirus, supplying the following PPE is a reasonable precaution:
    • Gloves
    • Gowns
    • Respiratory protection
    • Eye protection - goggles or face shields
  • For more information on infection control measures, preparing healthcare workers and preventing the spread of coronavirus, visit:

What if workers become infected with coronavirus?

There are no specific treatments for illnesses caused by human coronaviruses. Focus on supportive care to relieve symptoms:

  • Take pain and fever medications
  • Drink plenty of liquids
  • Use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough
  • Stay home and rest
  • Wear a facemask when you are in the same room with other people. It is also recommended to wear a facemask when you visit a healthcare provider. If you cannot wear a facemask, people who live with you should wear one while they are in the same room with you.
  • See or speak with your healthcare provider for further guidance and recommendations.