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- Summary of ANSI A10.40
Published: August, 2008; Vol 5, Num 3
SUMMARY OF ANSI A10.40
REDUCTION OF MUSCULOSKELETAL PROBLEMS
IN CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION
1. Purpose and scope – covers all construction workers, but not administrative personnel
· Applies to all construction work where there may be risk of musculoskeletal problems, except administrative/office workers
· Purpose – to reduce the occupational contributions to musculoskeletal problems in construction workers
· Modifications allowed for “practical difficulty, infeasibility, new developments, and/or unnecessary hardship,” but only with equivalent protection
o Implementation may not eliminate problems due to complex nature and non-occupational risk factors. Presence of risk factors may not constitute a problem.
o Standard not intended for enforcement by governmental authorities. There is not complete agreement on the causes and solutions.
2. Definitions- occupational (and non-occupational) risk factors
· Musculoskeletal Problems
· Occupational Risk Factors
· Awkward Postures
· Non-occupational risk factors
· Neutral Posture
3. Identification of high risk tasks- process
· Prior to assigning a task, employers should, as part of an overall safety program, review the risk factors and determine if there is a significant risk.
· Injury logs and employee symptoms should be reviewed
· Risks shall be assessed (Appendix A provides guidance).
· Employees should participate in the process.
4. Identification of potential solutions
· Potential solutions should be identified based on the hierarchy of controls:
o Engineering controls
o Administrative controls
o Work practice changes
o Assessment of physical capabilities
· Deviations from the hierarchy may be allowed after analysis.
· Criteria for evaluation of potential solutions:
o Reductions in risk factors, pain or symptoms
o Whether other hazards are created
· Appendix B lists some potential solutions
· Potential solutions shall be evaluated and those accepted implemented.
· Implemented solutions shall be evaluated again on the jobsite.
· Evaluation on the site shall be based on reductions of risk factors, pain and symptoms.
· All construction workers and supervisors should be trained on how to recognize risk factors, ways to reduce risk and non-occupational risk factors.
· Supervisors should also be trained in how to recognize risk factors and reduce them through proper planning and supervision.
7. Employee involvement: employees should be included in the early stages of planning a program to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal problems and task assessments.
8. Injury management program
· Employers should develop an injury management program that includes:
o Encouraging workers to report problems early
o Effective treatment
o Return to work/modified duty or modifying tasks/risk exposures
o Reassessment of tasks that may have contributed to injuries
· Sites should designate a qualified resource person.
9. Appendices provide guidance on risk assessment and potential solutions; checklists for manual materials handling and worksites; return to work, web references and risk factor descriptions.